If you have multiple cats, there is a chance that you have encountered one or several spraying incidents. If your cats are new, then this is excusable because they still lack training but if your cats have been with you forever and have only started spraying habits now, they may be suffering from anxiety and stress. Yes, cats do experience anxiety and this can be caused by several factors: prolonged separation, feline threats (outsider cats), or mating responses. Fortunately, it is now a clinically approved method to use anti anxiety drugs to stop your cats’ spraying habits. Here are some tips on using cat marking anti anxiety drugs:1. Identify which of your cats is doing the spraying.Although it is more convenient to administer anti anxiety drugs to all of your cats in one go, this can be detrimental to the health of the cats that are perfectly alright. Anti anxiety drugs correct chemical imbalances so if they are administered to cats that don’t experience imbalance, they might cause problems. Stake out the area that smells of cat urine or where the spraying usually occurs for several days and observe your cats to identify which one does it.2. Narrow down possibilities.Once you have identified which cat it is, do not take it to the vet for a does of anti anxiety drug just yet. Set some time to rule out other possible causes of behavior other than anxiety. Is your cat neutered? Cats that are not neutered often exhibit aggressive territorial behaviors like cat-marking. Is your cat’s litter box clean? Cats are clean creatures by nature and would be most reluctant to use a litter box that is dirty. If your cat is neutered and its litter box is clean, then anti anxiety drugs might be the answer.3. Collect information prior to a veterinary visit.Administering anti anxiety drugs is not enough to ensure that your cat will quit the spraying habit. You need to put a stop to the cause of the anxiety. To do this, you need to spend time identifying possible causes to discuss with your cat’s vet. Take note of the time or event when the spraying usually occurs. Does it happen when you are not in the house? Or, did your cat started spraying when that big dog moved next door? Information like these can help your vet determine the right cat marking anti anxiety drugs for your cat. Keep in mind to follow the vet’s prescriptions for anti anxiety drugs faithfully to help your cat overcome anxiety and stop the spraying habit. Anti anxiety drugs work and function well only if they are used following the right dosage and period intake.
Persian cats usually have their first heat cycle between 5 and 10 months of age. On the average, they will have 2 to 4 heat periods every year. The heat cycle will last 15 to 22 days.
If the Persian female is bred, the heat cycle usually does not last more than 4 days. If the mating is not successful, the heat cycle may continue for 7 to 10 days and then recur at 15 to 21 day intervals. There is a possibility the unmated Persian cat will cycle every 3 to 4 weeks indefinitely. To complicate matters even more, cats can have a heat cycle 1 to 6 weeks after giving birth. She may be nursing one litter and pregnant with another.
What are the symptoms of a Persian cat heat cycle?
“There is usually no obvious vaginal discharge or swelling of the genitals
“She may carry her tail to one side
“The Persian cat may keep her hindquarters elevated and make “treading” movements of the hind legs
“She may be more affectionate
“Spend a lot of time rolling on the floor
“May be more restless than usual
“About 1 to 2 days before the Persian cat accepts the male, her voice may seem more piercing than usual
Once bred, how long is a Persian cat’s gestation period?
“63 to 65 days
What are the physical changes?
“There are few noticeable changes during the first 4 – 5 weeks
“After the 5th week, weight gain and enlargement of the abdomen usually becomes noticeable
“During the 5th week, the mammary glands may start to enlarge
“A very noticeable enlargement of the mammary glands can be seen at the 7th week of pregnancy
“The Persian cat will have milk present 1 to 2 days before delivery
How do you know when the Persian cat is about to deliver?
“She may become extremely restless during the last weeks of pregnancy
“She will probably seek out secluded areas
“She may also soil the house instead of the litter box because the uterus presses the bladder or colon
Should the Persian cat have limited amounts of exercise during pregnancy?
“These cats are usually fairly calm anyway and kept indoors
“You should have a particular place prepared for her delivery
What should you feed the pregnant cat?
“She will require 2 to 4 times as much food as normal
“Probably a good idea to keep food out all the time for her
Are there any foods that absolutely should not be given?
“Raw egg whites
“Exclusive meat or fish diets
“Your vet may even prescribe a special diet or supplements
When a cat starts scratching, it is cause for concern, constant scratching can mean fleas. Fleas are more than a mere discomfort for you pet, they are a serious issue that needs to be dealt with before they cause health issues for your cat as well as issues for you and your family.
It’s important to note that when you actually see the fleas on your cat, their life is almost over. They spend most of their lives in your carpet or furniture as eggs and larvae before they every land on your pet. When they are in these stages of life, they are next to impossible to kill, and can stay in a state of suspended animation for up to two months making the controlling of them even harder for you.
If your cat has allergic dermatitis caused by flea bites, you will notice that the scratching is elevated and may be accompanied by chewing of the bites as well. This type of severe reaction can lead to loose of fur and may need additional medical treatment in addition to the elimination of the fleas themselves.
Flea control is important even if your cat is not allergic to them. Fleas can cause health issues for cats too including anemia from the loss of blood, tapeworms (fleas eat the eggs and transmit them to other animals) and skin infections from the bites caused by fleas. Any one of these flea related health issues can have dire consequences for your pet.
Now that we have established how important flea control is for both you and your cat, it is time to address the many options that are available to you. If your cat has not yet acquired fleas, then the use of powders and dips can be a step in preventing them.
Flea collars can be very effective at maintaining flea control and are quite useful used in conjunction with powders, dips or sprays. The most effective means of flea control are spot on liquids that are applied to the back of the cat’s neck and rid the animal of not only fleas, but, quite often, ticks and tapeworms as well in one easy treatment that takes only seconds.
When it comes to the environment, there are also several options for flea control. Flea bombs can kill fleas in carpets and bedding, though careful washing and vacuuming will help greatly in this endeavor also. For outside use, yard sprays can be quite effective.
Because flea treatments are in fact medications, it is important to apply them exactly as the manufacture suggests. If the directions are not followed, it could lead to an overdose of medications and a sick cat or the fleas not being irradiated and the problem being ongoing for you pet.
Stop those fleas from bugging your pet. Get moving and do your part to ensure a healthy and happy member of your family.
If you own a cat, you might find it a difficult task to keep everything clean and smelling fresh at home. Your entire house could really smell nasty at times due to cat’s litter box and cat urine, which is often, can be found anywhere at home. Sometimes you might even feel like you are living in your cat’s litter box. You should know that regular and thorough cleaning is essential to keep your home feeling and smelling fresh all the time. You must also know that there are variety of products and approaches that you may use to help you with your task.
Some of these cat odors, specifically cat urines are very hard to remove, most especially when it has been there for a long time. There are several products that are widely available in the market that proves to be effective in removing old cat urine stains and odors from home furniture and carpets. Products that contains enzyme are known to have the power to break down the uric acid crystals that causes cat urine to smell so nasty. When used properly, you may achieve your ultimate goal, which is to thoroughly remove the source of smell and stains in the area. In severe situation, you may have to apply the product more than once. Depending on the severity of the situation, enzyme products usually works within 24-48 hours.
Make sure that the contaminated area has been cleaned thoroughly. Remember, cats have very strong sense of smell. If they can smell even the slightest urine scent in the area they get attracted to it and will most likely urinate in the same spot again. Unfortunately, there are times when cat urine stains are so severe that you have to remove and replace the carpet padding because the urine has penetrated deep down. If this is the case, you can easily by replace the padding simply by buying carpet padding from a store and replace the spoiled area. In worst case scenarios when the urine has penetrated deep down into the floor, you have to remove the carpet and clean the floor where the odor has insinuated.
To prevent this from happening, you have to treat pet urine as soon as possible. The moment you start smelling that pungent smell, take the appropriate action immediately. Make sure that you read and follow the directions on how to use the product that you choose. By doing this, you can easily say goodbye to those unpleasant cat urine odors from home.
Zach is an 11 year old, 5th grader with Asperger’s syndrome, a high functioning form of autism. Zach at age five stopped hugging his parents. At age nine, he was still at a kindergarten level. His parents, searching for any option that could help their son, learned about service dogs trained to help the disabled. Zach then was introduced to Clyde, a chocolate Labrador. Zach was given the dog on the condition that he was the only one allowed to feed, pet, and totally take care of the dog. Zach came to learn to touch again through the petting of Clyde. Clyde goes to school with Zach and has helped the boy lower his anxiety level as well as helping to keep him focused. Zach’s father said -The biggest change I saw from the first day that Clyde came home was that Zach wasn’t staying up all night in his bed crying.- Clyde has become a savior to the whole family! A huge bonus with getting a prison trained dog is the cost. Private dog trainers may charge $20,000 but a prison trained dog can be just a little over a $1,000.
Christopher Vogt, a prisoner in the high security Sterling Correctional Facility in Colorado, is part of the -Prison Trained K-9 Companion Program.- Voght is the person who trained Clyde. Vogt learned to train dogs while serving his time and over the years has since earned permission to train dogs specifically for children with autism. Vogt learned the behavioral patterns of autism and has since trained some twenty dogs to help these children. That’s what I call giving back. In 2018, Volt will be eligible for parole. He has been serving a 48 year prison term for second degree murder. He has also written and even illustrated two children’s books about dogs helping autistic children.
-Mission Pawsible- is a similar program working inside 4 different Correctional Institutions located in Ohio. Prisoners earn the right to have a puppy to train. The inmates learn how to train the puppy while they in turn learn a valuable skill and earn the pride in knowing they will be helping some disabled child receive the freedom and protection only a service dog can provide. The inmates receive a photo of the child with the service dog they helped train after placement. -4 Paws for Ability- is another program that works with prisoners to train dogs. With the guidance of Certified Trainers, these dogs also go on to specifically help disabled children as well as veterans who have lost a limb or suffered hearing loss. For more information please check out .
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All popular CAT preparation books claim to solve all of your problems but, in fact, very few can meet all of your test needs. Many CAT preparation material guides have good material on English Proficiency but may have a less-than-average coverage of Quantitative Ability. As such, therefore, if you ask a bookshop for a good CAT preparation guide, you may not find many in its truest sense. The lack of good stand-alone guides containing CAT preparation material may be due to the frequently changing CAT pattern in the past. But the CAT, now conducted online, has become almost standardized, helping the test-takers know about the real CAT.
The books containing the best CAT preparation material are published by reputed publishers. You may pay attention to the following points while buying a guide for CAT preparation material:
1.Buy a book published by a reputed publisher. Buying a cheap guide for CAT Preparation Material from a relatively little-known publisher is better avoided.
2.The CAT preparation material guide should be according to the latest CAT trends. As far as possible, buy the latest edition of the CAT study guide.
3.Most guides containing CAT preparation material also provide a CD alongside for online practice tests. The book you are buying should be accompanied by such a CD otherwise your CAT preparation is just not complete.
4.The guide book ought to have chapters devoted to different topics and tips for shortcuts.
Besides, we strongly recommend that you refer to the following classic books to start preparing for the verbal ability part of the CAT:
1. Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary Published by Oxford University Press and Edited by A B Bowie OR
Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary
2.” Word Power Made Easy” By Norman Lewis (Goal Saab Publishers)
3. “All About Words” An Adult Approach To Vocabulary Building — Rosenblum, Nurnberg
4. For basic grammar and sentence correction —“High School Grammar and Composition” —- By Wren & Martin
The following CAT preparation material is recommended for the CAT Maths and Reasoning parts:
A. Practice or calculation work on Decimal Fraction conversions and vice-versa Fraction– Percentage conversions and vice-versa
Tables (From 10-20) Squares (From 11 – 30) and Cubes (From 1- 15)
B. Puzzle Books By Late Shakuntala Devi
C. NCERT Mathematics books for classes 5-10 (For review of basic concepts)
You need to use all the CAT study materials listed above before you begin with any other study material for CAT preparation.
Don’t feed your dog:
Chocolate is toxic to dogs.
Raisins and grapes are also poisonous.
Dairy and yogurt should be used in small quantities and are tolerated by most dogs.
Walnuts and macadamia nuts contain toxins.
Onions can cause anemia.
Salt, sugar, and artificial sweeteners can cause all kinds of problems.
Look out for meat by-products!
Always read the ingredient labels on dog treats. Look out for the following preservatives and additives:
Propylene glycol: main ingredient in anti freeze. This causes blood toxicity in cats and is banned by the FDA in Cat food but not dog food.
BHA (Butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (Butylated hydoxytoluene): The World Health Organization openly names both of these as suspicious cancer causing compounds.
TBHQ (tertiary butylhydroquinone) & Proply gallate
It is probably not a good idea to place much confidence in the word natural when used by itself as least not as a one-step method for choosing a dog treat. My strongest advice is to simply avoid any dog treat that contains artificial preservatives no matter what.
Natural preservatives are almost always made from certain variations of vitamins C or E. Tocopherol or ascorbate are good natural preservatives.
If you choose to make your own dog treats, or if you’re just looking for healthy treats, we recommend the following items:
Oats are a great base.
Dogs love meat! However, the only meat I recommend is Tuna Fish, Salmon or Buffalo.
Dogs also love peanut butter! This is an old favorite, as it will leave dogs smacking their lips in delight. However, don’t use too much peanut butter in their treats if it contains lots of sugar.
Help your dog by adding fruits and vegetables. These contain lots of vitamins that dogs need as much as we do. Fruits and veggies with health benefit are: blueberries, cranberries, bananas, peas, carrots, green beans, sweet potato and homemade pumpkin.
You can make your dog happy and healthy by reading labels and selecting the right treats. Making your own dog treats can be a great alternative to store bought stuff. Another great option is to find some homemade gourmet dog treats that uses natural ingredients to get all the vitamins and minerals that your tail waggin’ loved one needs
There are many great cat products that can be found at your local pet store or on-line nowadays: from elevated cat feeders to cozy cat beds, you will find everything to keep your cat happy.
Food and water bowls You will need something sturdy so it will be harder to tip over. You should also avoid plastic, since many cats are allergic to it. Stainless steel is a much better choice since it does not retain bacteria nor odors. A cat feeder with two or three stainless steel bowls is ideal: some cat feeders are also raised, so they will help your cats digestion, posture and are healthier for older and/or arthritic cats.
Litter box Make sure it is big enough so your cat has plenty of space. Place it in a quiet place (cats also like privacy). They came in many style from which you can choose from. And of course, keep it clean.
Cat carrier You will need a carrier to take Kitty to your veterinarian and family and friends houses. If you plan on taking him on a plane make sure that it is “airline approved”, so it fit underneath your seat.
Scratching poll Sisal covered scratching polls are a good choice since they allow Kitty to really dig they claws into. Choose a stable poll, tall enough so your cat can fully stretch his back muscles to get a satisfying scratch.
Toys Get cat toy that are soft, washable and have safe filling. Interactive toys are also a great way for you and your cat to spend some playful time together. And of course, you will need a cat toy box to keep them organized, all in one place.
Bed Kitty rests wherever he wants, but it is important to have a specific cozy space for him. A fluffy bed in which he can snuggle anytime by himself will be greatly appreciated by your Kitty cat. Some cute wooden beds come with a machine washable pillow which makes it easy to maintain.
Whatever you decide to get for your cat, make sure that the pet products are safe and will not injure your furry friend in any way..
Something such as a raw cat food diet may sound slightly alien to you, as you’ll most likely be used to feeding your cat a shop bought, pre cooked food from a can or package. This, you may think, is the best option for your cat, and it is wise to keep buying and feeding your cat such foods. However, there is research that suggests feeding your cat a raw food diet as the best option.
Homemade cat food can be extremely beneficial when Feeding Kittens or fully grown cats, as the benefits can be felt even in later life – your cat does not need to have been feed on raw foods its whole life to make the change, although it is beneficial to start the cat on raw food as young as possible in its life in order for it to reap the benefits for the longest possible period of time.
Tests have shown that in a controlled scientific environment, where the tests are carried out to extreme degrees, cats on a raw food diet coped will and had good health, whereas cats on a cooked food diet had issues with reproduction after just a few generations. In addition, these cats also developed medical issues such as mouth and gum disease along with bladder and heart problems, also within just a few generations.
However, you would think that this would ruin the line of successive cats in their bloodline – this is not the case, as when changing these cats to a raw food diet, and all their successive children to such a diet, the bloodline returned to a fully healthy one within a few generations. The benefit of this raw food diet is clear for all to see.
Homemade Cat Food may sound like something that will make you uneasy, as the onus is on you to create the food suitable for your cat to eat. The process is extremely simple and almost impossible to get wrong, but you can be safe in the knowledge that even if you do somehow manage to mess up, your cat will be fine; in the wild, cats eat all sorts of things, living and dead, which can hold a range of bacteria inside. Despite this, a wild cat will survive, due to their highly acidic stomachs, which are prepared to deal with most things they can throw at them.
If you are still worried about contaminates or issues with homemade cat food there are some easy steps which you can take to be safe:
Keep all surfaces and hands used to prepared food 100% clean at all times
Add probiotics to the food, to aid intestinal health
Buy meat from a trustworthy butcher
Steer clear of ground beef from the supermarket in packages, it will not be as fresh as that from a butcher
Attending lectures, giving mock tests, late night study & stress are the prime indicators of CAT test preparation. So, no wonder many students suffer from the so-called ‘CAT scare’.Cracking CAT and entering IIMs is a dream of every aspirant but only few are actually able to fulfill this dream. One should always keep this in mind that the idea behind exams like CAT is to judge how well can you manage such stressful situations.
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Career Launcher is offering 10% – 40% discount offers on above test preparation packages. Basic motive behind these tests is to make you efficient time-management skills, manage the stress & anxiety level. CAT exam is all about taking the right decisions and this practice kit will enhance a students decision making capabilities. It is important to note that a person himself or herself is the best adjudicator of his or her abilities and accordingly should map out his or her course of action during the two and half hours journey of the CAT exam